Academician Marat Talgatovich Aznabaeyev was born on the
1 st of February, 1939 in the Republic of Bashkorostan,
Kujurgazinsky region, the village Jakshimbetovo. In 1962 he graduated from
the Bashkir State Medical Institute (BSMI), therapeutic department. This was
followed by residency and post-graduate studies at the Chair of Eye Diseases
of the Medical Institute. In 1969 he defended his thesis: "Surgery of
blepharoptosis" (scientific adviser - prof. G Kh. Kudoyarov). From 1971 till
1980 he was an associate professor of the Chair of Ophthalmology, BSMI.
In 1980 M.T. Aznabayev was appointed director of Ufa Eye
Research Institute. He was at the head of the Institute for 26 years until
2006. During this period Ufa Eye Research Institute became a leading centre
of Russian ophthalmology. His MD thesis dedicated to surgery of cataracts in
newborn was successfully defended at Moscow Eye Microsurgery Institute
(scientific adviser - S.N. Fyodorov) in 1987 simultaneously he was elected
head of the Chair of Eye Diseases of the Medical Institute.
With the help of local heads of administration M.T.
Aznabayev established regional eye microsurgical centrs in for off
territories of Bashkortostan (the Towns of Janaul, Sibai, Uchaly, Maloyaz,
Koumertau and Tuimazi) so as to provide highly qualified specialized medical
help to peripheral population.
His scientific activity is known for fundamental
approach, original ideas and practical operation. He made important
contribution in complex rehabilitation of congenital and acquired eye
pathology of newborns and infants. He was a pioneer in introducing effective
eye microsurgery in congenital cataract treatment of several days old
newborn and simultaneous surgery on both eyes. He promoted the production of
contact lenses, intraocular lenses, viscoelastics, transplants by Ufa Eye
Research Institute. He also developed new devices, medicines and
microsurgery instruments for blepharoptosis, congenital cataract and retinal
As for his social activity Marat Talgatovich was elected
deputy of City Councils of three convocation and the parliament of the
In 1991 he was elected corresponding member of the
Academy of Sciences and in 1995 he became an academician, member of the
Presidium of the Academy of Sciences. He is also an honorary member of the
Scientific Society of Canadian Implantologists (1994), member of the
International Council of Cataract and Refractional Surgery, member of the
Scientific Council of Barraquer Institute (Spain) since 2003.
M.T. Aznabayev is author of 16 monographs and books and
537 articles published in Russia and abroad. He was editor of numerous
collections of articles, medical recommendations for treatment and
precaution of eye diseases. He is author of 129 certificates for medical
inventions. His and his co-authors latest book is «Atlas of Eye Pathology»
(2008) dealing with all field of ophthalmology.
Academician M.T. Aznabayev made an important contribution
in the development of medical terms. He was the first to compile Russian
Latin Bashkir Explanatory Dictionary of Ophthalmological Terms (2004) and
Russian Latin Bashkir Explanatory Dictionary of Medical Terms (2007).
He gave rise to the Ufa school of ophthalmology. Forty
three Candidate Degree and seven Doctorate Degree theses were defended under
his scientific guidance.
Many of disciples are now heading scientific and medical
institutions of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
M.T. Aznabayev is President of Ophthalmological
Association of the Republic of Bashkortostan, member of the Council and
Presidium of Russian Ophthalmological Society, editor-in-chief of the
all-Russian journal Problem of Ophthalmology (since 2004), member of the
editorial council of the journals Vestnik of Ophthalmology, Refractive
Surgery and Ophthalmological Journal of Kazakhstan.
In cooperation write Childrens Fund of USSR he
launched a campaign for rendering ophthalmological help to handicapped
children and also charity check-ups and surgical treatment in Orenburg,
Kurgan, Perm and Sverdlovsk regions and the Republic of Tatarstan.
M.T. Aznabayev is Honoured Doctor of the Republic of
Bashkortostan (1977), Honoured Doctor of Russia (1986), Honoured Scientist
of the Republic of Bashkortostan (1991), Honoured Scientist of Russia
(2004). Prof. M.T. Aznabayev was decorated by the order of Honours (Russia;
1991) the order of Salavat Julayev (2004), the order Honour and Glory of
the Republic of Abkazia (2004). He was awarded Prize of the Academy of
Sciences (Republic of Bashkortostan; 2007) for the monograph Laser
dacryocystorinostomy (2007), twice by Honoured Diploma of the Ministry of